Przewalski's Wild Horse
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Przewalski's horses once ranged throughout Europe and Asia. Competition with man and livestock, as well as changes in the environment, led to the horse moving east to Asia, and eventually becoming extinct in the wild. Today they can only be found in reintroduction sites – on the plains and prairies—in Mongolia, China, and Kazakhstan.
Przewalski's horses live in groups that contain several mares, a dominant stallion, and their offspring. There may also be younger stallions on the periphery of the herd or in a bachelor herd. These young stallions will only be allowed to breed if they defeat the dominant stallion. Once offspring reach breeding age, they are chased out of the herd.
Przewalski's horses may live up to 36 years of age.
Przewalski's horses graze on grass and leaves from shrubby trees. Like zebras and donkeys, they also consume large amounts of water and low quality food.
Around 2010, Przewalski horses were officially reclassified as being endangered. This makes them one of the few animal species that were once classified as extinct, only to come back and thrive. As of 2011 there are 306 free-ranging reintroduced and native-born Przewalski's horses in Mongolia.
Przewalski's horses are called "takhi," which means "spirit" in Mongolia.
Why are they Endangered?
Przewalski’s horse dwindled to near extinction by the early part of the 20th century due to a combination of hunting for meat and interbreeding with domesticated horses.