Mexican Long-nosed Bat
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The Mexican long-nosed bat is native to Mexico and the United States and has been found in southwestern New Mexico, Big Bend, the Chinati Mountains and central Mexico. It prefers high, cool climates with abundant pine forests and conifer-oak woodlands.
Mexican long-nosed bats mate once or twice per year. One offspring is born in the caves of Mexico annually. The mother will carry it until it can fly on its own after a couple of months. They are seasonally migratory and roost in colonies.
The life expectancy of the Mexican long-nosed bat is around ten years in the wild.
Mexican long-nosed bats migrate to Texas following the blooming cycle of the agave plant, which is one of its primary sources of pollen and nectar. When in Mexico, they eat the nectar, pollen and fruit of giant columnar cacti and will also eat insects.
The population estimates for Mexican long-nosed bats fluctuate annually. Most estimate their numbers to be around 10,000 individuals.
The Mexican long-nosed bat is also known as the greater long-nosed bat. Its tongue can extend up to three inches in order to access flower nectar. They act as pollinators for Agave, the cactus that is used to produce tequila.
Why are They Endangered?
Bats roost in cave and mines, which are often disturbed and altered by humans. Climate change has resulted in the alteration and degradation of their primary food sources, which also presents a significant threat to their survival. Bats have long been demonized by humans and the belief in tropical Mexico that all bats are vampire bats often kills beneficial species..