Hawaiian Yellow-faced Bee
Also called the Longhead yellow-faced bee.
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Hawaiian yellow-faced bees can be found in a large range of locations throughout the Hawaiian islands, including the coast, dry forests, shrublands and wet forests, among others. They depend significantly on native plants and the introduction of non-native plants limits their presence in that particular area. They have adapted to be able to survive in nearly every type of habitat present on the island.
The yellow-faced bee is solitary. The female will use available spaces within the ground or areas with bark as impromptu nests; she does not create the nest on her own. The female lays eggs in the nest, leaving the larvae nectar and pollen to eat when they hatch.
These bees require a habitat with a diversity of native Hawaiian plants that flower throughout the year. They subsist on pollen and nectar.
Population size is not known. Seven yellow-faced bee species have been declared Endangered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
The Hawaiian yellow-faced bee is also known as the longhead yellow-faced bee. These are the first bees in the country to be protected under the Endangered Species Act.
Why are they Endangered?
Habitat loss could result in potentially disastrous effects on the survival of the Hawaiian yellow-faced bee. Development, agriculture and recreational activity, as well as natural disasters, are threatening their habitat. Non-native plants and animals can pose issues, as well as climate change.